Florida’s rivers hold evidence of Native Americans in the form of stone points and tools made and used by the people who first called our state home. These artifacts come from upland sites that erode into rivers, and also from intact sites that once were on dry land but now are submerged. The Florida Historical Resources Act (Chapter 267 of the Florida Statutes) states that these artifacts located on state sovereignty submerged lands belong to the people of Florida and protects them from unauthorized disturbance or collection. Recently, these artifacts and the sites they are associated with have come under threat by an effort to change the state law to allow the private collection of artifacts from state submerged lands. These artifacts would then disappear into private collections and may end up for sale on the antiquities market.