Historic African American Schools
Various Locations across Florida
Period of significance: 1869-1971
Despite many challenges, Florida’s African Americans made important gains in the field of public education in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. A few African American Schools remain from this early period, though far more abundant, are schools that remain from later in the twentieth century. Of these, schools that were in operation at the time of school desegregation tell the story of an important time in Florida’s history.
Threat: Desegregating Florida’s public schools took place over years following the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965. Prior to desegregation, local school systems maintained “separate but equal” school facilities for African Americans students. When school integration was finally accomplished many African American schools were abandoned and released from public ownership. These former schools were located throughout the state in communities of all sizes. Pictured is the George Washington Carver School in White Springs (Hamilton County).