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  • Writer's pictureFlorida Trust

Florida Women Who Made History: Sallye Mathis

Sallye Mathis. Photo: Duval County Public Schools.

As we celebrate International Women's Day and Women's History Month, it is vital to honor the stories of women who have played critical roles in shaping a more equitable society. One such remarkable woman is Sallye B. Mathis, whose dedication and resilience have left an indelible mark on the landscape of civil rights and political representation in the United States.


Sallye Bell Mathis, born in the early 20th century, emerged as a beacon of hope and change in Jacksonville during a time when African American communities faced severe discrimination and marginalization.


Born in Jacksonville, she graduated from Tuskegee Institute with a Bachelor of Science in education and from Florida A & M University with a master's degree in secondary education. Teaching for over 25 years and witnessing firsthand the disparities in educational resources and opportunities for African American children ignited a passion for civil rights and public service.


In 1967, amidst the Civil Rights Movement's peak, Mathis made history by being elected to the Jacksonville City Council, alongside Mary L. Singleton, as one of the first African American women to hold such a position in the city's history. This monumental achievement broke significant racial and gender barriers in local governance.


Summer school in Jacksonville. Photo: Florida Memory

Throughout her tenure on the City Council, Mathis was a staunch advocate for social justice, working tirelessly to address issues of poverty, education, housing and healthcare that disproportionately affected African American communities. Her efforts were not just about legislative achievements but also about uplifting and empowering her constituents through direct engagement and support.


Mathis's background in education fueled her commitment to improving public schools and expanding access to quality education for all children. She was instrumental in initiatives that aimed to bridge the gap in educational attainment between different communities within Jacksonville. Furthermore, she advocated for economic development programs that targeted under-served areas, understanding the crucial link between economic opportunity and overall community well-being.


Sallye Mathis's contributions to her community and her trailblazing role in politics paved the way for future generations of leaders to pursue public service and make their voices heard. Her story is a beacon of inspiration, encouraging us to continue the fight for a more inclusive and equitable world.


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